The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 28
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28 Texas Historical Association Quarterly
from the jail, leaving ten of the expedition who were not jail
birds; one of these went voluntarily, and one "was sent by his
father." Though Guinda said that three men were accompanied
by their wives, the certified list mentions but two, Gertrudes
Sicilia, wife of Juan Crist6bal, and Ana Maria de Aleman, wife of
Juan Carranca, the latter accompanied by their two children.
Another inspection was made on the 28th, when those unable
to go by reason of infirmities were rejected. The next day the
surgeon was called before the proper authorities to certify as to
the physical infirmities of the sick, and on the same day the au-
thorities proceeded to the public jail where the men were called
out to start on the expedition to Texas.
5. The Founding of the Mission San Joseph y San Miguel de
Aguayo.-While waiting for his supplies to reach Monclova,
Aguayo, at the petition of Father Margil, who was waiting at
San Antonio to join the expedition when it went to eastern Texas,
gave permission for the founding of another mission at San An-
tonio. It was situated one league from the presidio of San An-
tonio de Bexar, was called San Joseph y San Miguel de Aguayo,
and was until 1722 the only one in San Antonio under charge of
the College of Zacatecas. The viceroy approved its foundation,
and provided that the customary aid be given it.'
A good deal of opposition to the establishment of the new mis-
sion seems to have been made on the part of the friars of the Col-
lege of Queretaro. On February 23, 1720, a petition signed by
Father Olivares of Mission San Antonio de Valero, the alcalde,
and all the cabildo, was presented to Juan Valdez, lieutenant-
general and alcalde mayor of the presidio and villa of Bexar. Its
object was to ask him not to give possession of the necessary lands
to the missionaries of the College of Zacatecas. The reasons as-
signed for their opposition were, first, that the viceroy Valero had
given San Antonio and its vicinity to the College of Queretaro, and
second, that the Indian nations for whom the mission was being
erected, the Pampopas, Suliejames, and Pastias, were "ab initio"
Spanish father and an Indian mother. A castizo is the offspring of a
mestizo father and a Spanish mother; a lobo the offspring of a father of
mixed Chinese or Malaysian and negroid blood and a mulatto mother.-
Luis P6rez Verdla, Compendio de la Historia de Mxico (Paris and Mex-
1Pefia, Derrotero, 1; Espinosa. Chronica, 455.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/32/: accessed July 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.