The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 358
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Texas HIistorical Association Quarterly
responsible for its failure. (9) There was "no clear-cut issue
between annexation and anti-annexation" in the election of 1844,
and Polk's victory was not an endorsement of "immediate annexa-
tion"; nevertheless, "a large majority of the people" were "in
favor of accepting Texas at an early date." (10) Fear of injur-
ing Clay's chances, and thereby furthering annexation, deterred
England and France from a joint protest against annexation in
1844, but the subsequent withdrawal of France compelled England
to work indirectly by inducing Mexico to recognize Texas on condi-
tion that it should remain independent. (11) Houston, Jones,
and other prominent Texans favored the British plan, but the peo-
ple were wildly in favor of annexation.
The book naturally contains some errors of fact, but they do
not of themselves materially affect its value. Unfortunately,
however, another fault may weaken the confidence of some read-
ers in its worth. This is an occasional lack of perspective which
is sometimes merely amusing, but which at other times leads to
inconsistency and at still others to questionable conclusions. As
an example of the first, take the statement (p. 39) that the
Texan Mier expedition-in which the total loss was 261 men-
"considerably impaired . . . the fighting strength of the
nation." And, remembering all of the facts, what must be thought
of the argument (p. 386) that the practical Louis Philippe was
influenced in his attitude toward annexation by the hope of event-
ually inheriting Spanish-America (including Texas) through the
failure of the Spanish Bourbon line? As an example of incon-
sistency, on page 209 Calhoun represses disunion talk, but at the
same time on page 211 he stimulates it. On page 392, England
"could not afford to fight" the United States, but on page 394 it
stood ready "to undertake a war in order to establish at the Sabine
a perpetual barrier against us." As an example of the third, it
seems to the reviewer that, in order to heighten the danger of
British influence, too much is made of the apparent changes of
public opinion in Texas during 1837-1845 (pp. 69, 70, 74, and
Chapters 17 and 20). And one feels that the influence of slavery
is slighted before and exaggerated after April, 1844, in order to
emphasize a "change of front" in the administration and to ex-
plain the Calhoun-Pakenham incident.
The system of citation used, though trying and sometimes un-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/363/: accessed April 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.