The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 33
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The Aguayo Expedition
and had raised the cross and royal standard on April 4.1 Rambn
reported also that for lack of timber for building a canoe he had
as yet not been able to sound the harbor. However, he described
the place as a beautiful one, whose harbor could accommodate
many ships. The news was duly celebrated at San Antonio. On
the 26th the Marquis sent a messenger to the viceroy, informing
him that possession had been taken of Espiritu Santo. Further,
he assured him that he was ready to resume his march for eastern
Texas, but made patent to his excellency the difficulty of keeping
the army properly sustained at the distance of four hundred
leagues from the base of supplies, and asked permission to start
a ship plying between Vera Cruz and La Bahia, offering to bear
all the expenses. Presuming that this request would be granted,
he wrote at the same time to his attorney in Mexico to buy or
rent such a vessel and fit it out with the requisite provisions.2
4. The Route from San Antonio to the Neches.-On the 10th
of May, Aguayo ordered that the expedition be in readiness to
start again on the 13th. It had been decided in a council of war
to abandon the old Texas road now, where great and many ob-
stacles would be found in the form of brush, lagoons, large over-
flowing rivers, and in an unbroken course of from fifty to sixty
miles through the monte grande, or Cross Timbers. Under the
guidance of the Indian chief, Juan Rodriguez, they were to seek
another route higher up, where the country was said to be plain
and free from brush, where the rivers were divided into many
smaller branches, and by which route the Cross Timbers would be
avoided. The country through which their chosen route lay was
infested with Indian enemies and great care was taken to insure
the proper disposition of the military guards on the march.
A study of Aguayo's route may be more profitable if it is com-
pared with the earlier and some of the later courses followed by
the expeditions into eastern Texas.3 So varied and distinct were
'The lieutenant said that thirty-two days had been consumed on the
whole trip. The expedition had left San Antonio _March 10. and arrived
at La Bahia April 4. The lieutenant returned to San Antonio Apill 18,
and it had taken him six days to make the return trip. He must, there-
fore, have left Bahfa on the 12th, after having been there since the 4th.
2Pefia, Derrotero, 6.
3The statements which follow lay no claim to strict accuracy. They pur-
port to describe in merely a general way the various routes studied. A
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/38/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.