The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 1
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TEXAS STATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION:
VOL. XV JULY, 1911 No. 1
The publication committee and the editor disclaim responsibility for views
expressed by contributors to THE QUARTERLY.
THE AGUAYO EXPEDITION INTO TEXAS AND LOUIS-
ELEANOR CLAIRE BUCKLEY
I. CONDITIONS ON THE TEXAS-LOUISIANA FRONTIER IN 1719
1. The Spanish Establishments.-The desire of Spain to fasten
her claims on eastern Texas had resulted by 1719 in what was at
best a very weak hold on that region. Its maintenance was in
the immediate charge of the Franciscan friars of Mexico, backed
by a military force never exceeding twenty-five soldiers. Six
straggling missions, scattered from the Neches River to within a
few miles of the Red, had been erected in 1716 by a mere handful
of missionaries. The missions were, San Francisco de los T6xas,
on the Neches; La Purisima Concepci6n, on the Angelina; San
Joseph, north of Nacogdoches, among the Nazonis; Nuestra
Sefiora de Guadalupe, at Nacogdoches; Nuestra Sefiora de los
Dolores, at modern San Augustine; and San Miguel de los Adaes,
lA thesis presented to the Faculty of the College of Arts of the Univer-
sity of Texas, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of
Master of Arts, June, 1909. I wish to acknowledge my deep indebtedness
to Dr. Herbert E. Bolton, now of Leland Stanford University, for inval-
uable direction and assistance in the original preparation of this paper
and in its revision, and to Dr. Eugene C. Barker, of the University of
Texas, for assistance and suggestions in its revision and preparation for
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/5/?rotate=90: accessed April 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.