The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 57
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The Aguayo Expedition
1718, orders had been sent to the commandant of Louisiana to
take possession of Espiritu Santo Bay, the land being claimed in
the name of the king on the ground of La Salle's priority of set-
tlement, and the advance of the Spaniards was to be resisted, if
need be by force.1 On August 10, 1721, in pursuance of these
orders Bienville instructed La Harpe, with Belle-Isle and twenty
soldiers, to take possession of that place.2 These landed on the
Bay of San Bernardo, they claimed, but on account of inhos-
pitable Indians, they abandoned the project.8 October 16, of that
same year, La Harpe wrote, insisting that German and Swiss fam-
ilies be sent to hold that Bay, on account of its importance. He
added that the Spanish, hearing of the expedition he had just
made, would likely take action.4
This maneuvering on the coast, the plausible tales of the Indians,
the presence of the Cadodachos at the Assinais, and St. Denis's
meeting Aguayo so far in the interior, all suggest the probability
of an intention of co-operation between La Harpe and St. Denis.
(b) The Establishment of Mission and Presidio.-Shortly be-
fore the 16th of March, 1722, Aguayo sent fifty of the best sol-
diers, selected from the battalion, under Gabriel Costales to
Espiritu Santo. Because of the scarcity of horses, he himself
could not go until the 16th, when with forty men, accompanied by
Doctor Codallos y Rabal, Captains Thomas Zuburia, Miguel Zil6n
y Portugal, Manuel de Herrera, and Pedro Oribe, he began his
march for that place.5 Their route lay across the Cibola, the Cleto
(niodern Ecleto) and the Guadalupe. After the crossing of the
latter, the march lay mostly east with a few veerings to the south-
east. In the latter part of the journey it came to two good-sized
streams, evidently the Garcitas and Arenosa. 'Crossing these, the
'Mafagry, VI, 319.
'La Harpe and Belle-Isle evidently did not reach the interior of Espiritu
Santo Bay, for they make no mention of the Spaniards who were there.
It has been thought that they probably landed at Galveston Bay.
'The Derrotero, entries for March 16 and 17, 1722, gives the direction
for the first two days of travel as southwest, four leagues to the Salado.
This is evidently a mistake, for the Salado lies entirely to the southeast of
San Antonio. The Memorias copy leaves out entirely the entry for the
17th, and confuses that for the 19th with that of the 20th, failing in this
way to account for seven leagues traveled on the 19th.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/62/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.