The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 60
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60 Texas Historical Association Quarterly,
Garcitas and Arenosa. If the fort were on the Garcitas, there
would be no two rivers to cross. (3) The questions of distance
and direction to the Lavaca are fulfilled by other diaries. (4)
When De Le6n was there in 1689, in order to explore the bay he
went five leagues southwest, crossing two streams (the Garcitas
and Arenosa would meet this requirement) and then turned south-
east, and reached the coast after three leagues. (5) The river
which this expedition called the San Marcos can easily be iden-
tified with the Navidad, if the fort is located on the Lavaca.1
9. Aguayo's Return.-Finishing his work at Espiritu Santo,
Aguayo returned to San Antonio to join the rest of the soldiery.
He left for Mexico May 5, 1722, and, without anything of impor-
tance happening on the route, reached Monclova on May 25. On
the 31st he formally dissolved the expedition.2
IV. THE RESULTS OF TI-IE AGUAYO EXPEDITION
1. Strengthening of the Military Defenses.-The Aguayo, expe-
dition, the last of its kind into Texas, exceeded all others in size
and results. It was perhaps the most ably executed of all the expe-
ditions that entered Texas, and in results it was doubtless the most
important. It secured to Spain her hold on Texas for about one
hundred and fifteen years. This was done (1) by increasing the
military strength of the province, and (2) by carrying out
Aguayo's wise suggestion of securing the Spanish hold by the set-
tlement of families in Texas.
When Aguayo. retired from Texas he left ten3 missions where
'I am indebted to Mr. J. D. Mitchell of Victoria for further information
and confirmation of the above statements. He enclosed a sketch, showing
the site of the fort, now known as Dimmitt's Point, on the west side of the
Lavaca River. He says that it now belongs to Messrs. Bennett and West
of San Antonio, and that no one has lived near the site for the past fifty
years. "In 1833 my mother, with my grandfather, Major James Kerr,
first surveyor general for De Le6n's colony, . . . visited the old fort
site. The ditches around the fort were then visible. In 1866 I visited
the site, . . . I could find no signs of the ditches. . . . The site is
about four miles, air line, below the junction of the Lavaca and the Navi-
2Pefia, Derrotero, 28.
8When Aguayo entered Texas there were but two missions and one
presidio,-Mission San Francisco de Valero, Mission San Joseph y San
Miguel de Aguayo, named after its patron, Aguayo, who from Coahuila had
commissioned its founding, and Presidio San Antonio de B~xar, all at San
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/65/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.