The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 3
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The Aguayo Expedition 3
plies on the inadequate providence of the government authorities
in the City of Mexico, and contending with the cupidity of the
surrounding Indians. The latter's hostility could be kept in check
only by constant gifts, as they were continually alienated by the
indiscreet acts of the military, and were in natural antagonism to
the chief aim of the missionaries, which was to settle them in
pueblos as a first step to their christianization and civilization.'
'. The French Establishments.-Facing the Spanish establish-
ments in eastern Texas were the outposts of the French in west-
ern Louisiana. In 1698 they had made a settlement at Mobile,
twelve leagues from the Spanish fort of Pensacola. Their occu-
pation had rapidly extended westward, and by 1717, as an obstacle
to Spanish encroachment through Texas and as a base for western
Indian trade, they had erected a presidio at Natchitoches,2 not far
from los Adaes. As early as 1717 it was evident that they had
designs on the interior Cadodacho lands,8 designs which were con-
summated in 1719.
The committing of Louisiana to a rich trading company in
1712 had made its extension and occupation by the French much
more probable, for on the success of the commercial enterprise de-
pended the personal fortunes of the promoters of the company.
The extension of French influence, which, for trading purposes,
was naturally toward the west, made it a factor in Spanish activ-
ities in eastern Texas. Thus the Spanish missionaries, in addi-
tion to their other difficulties, had to contend with the inherent
racial advantages possessed by the French .of easy and rapid
amalgamation with the aborigines, for French priest, French so]-
'Espinosa, Chronica, 450.
"Representacidn hecha por el M. R. y Venera. P. Fr. Margil de Jesus a
Su Exa, in Coleccidn de Memorias, XXVII, 223. A sergeant and six
soldiers were sent out by Cadillac in January, 1717, to forestall the Span-
ish at Natchitoches. Margrr, VI, 199. Journal Historique, 140, gives the
date, January 29. (See Clark, The Beginnings of Texas, 67, note 1.)
The same month the Spanish founded the mission at los Adaes.
"Espinosa, Chronica. 443, and Arricivita. Crnfica. 224, say that Father
Hidalgo tried to prevent the French from establishing a fort among the
Cadodachos in 1717, but failed on account of desertion of the Indian
guides. The French fort was. however. rot established till 1719 (M [argry,
VI, 261-264). The fears of the Spanish missionaries were probably aroused
by the settlement of the Yatase Indians, through the instrumentality of
the French, among the Cadodachos and the Natchitoches tribes in 1717.
La Harpe speaks of this nation as the best friend the French had (Mar-
gry, VI, 264).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/7/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.