The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 67
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The Jumano Indians, 1650-1771
absorbed by the Wichita, in which tribe they are now represented.1
He has concluded, also apparently, that for the name "Taovayas,"
wherever found, "Jumano" can be substituted.2
By restating the hitherto available data concerning the Jumano
and correlating it with the recent discoveries concerning the
Taovayas, Hodge has done valuable service to the history and
ethnology of the Southwest. That his conclusion explains the
apparent disappearance of a part of the people known as Jumano,
the present writer is convinced. But there has come to light in
the Mexican archives a considerable fund of information which
Hodge did not use; and a study of it shows that he has taken too
little account of a part of the Jumano and, it may be, drawn a con-
clusion that is too far-reaching. The purpose of this paper is to
present some of the new data, and thereby help to fill in and cor-
rect the hitherto scanty history of the Jumano tribe between 1683
Hodge regards the principal notices of the Jumano nation be-
tween 1629 and 1683 as referring to a people living near the Ar-
kansas River. He recognizes toward the close of the eighteenth
century a southern (with reference to New Mexico and Texas) as
well as a northern people called Jumano, but seems to be able to
trace them only to 1691, his discussion thereafter being devoted to
the northern group. Even of this group he appears to be able to
find only one faint trace between 1697 and 1719, that being in the
year 1700. In 1719 he finds another trace, at which point he
remarks: "No definite reference to the northern Jumano between
1719 and 1750 is found." Finally, the Jumano of whom he finds
mention are consistently hostile to the Apache, or at least allies of
the enemies of the Apache.
To one who has worked extensively in the sources of later seven-
teenth and early eighteenth century Texas history recently made
available, and has not, like Hodge, made the Jumano a subject of
long and special study, the article in question contains cause for
surprise on four counts: the first is that the "Nueces River," where
the Jumano were several times met between 1629 and 1683, should
be identified with the Arkansas or any stream in its vicinity; the
1"The Jumano Indians," pp. 10-22.
'See Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Part II, "Syn-
onymy," p. 1067.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/72/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.