The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 72
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72 Texas Historical Association Quarterly
Since the story of this expedition has hitherto been marred by some
errors,1 and because of its important bearing on Jumano geography,
it will be summarized here. According to his own story, Sabeata
lived at La Junta "with many" of his own people and Julimes.
Part of his tribe lived six days to the eastward, or three-fourths of
his estimate of the distance from La Junta to El Paso. Three
days from La Junta were the buffalo herds; three days [beyond]
was the Nueces River, the home of a part of his tribe and of many
others, friends of his own people; from La Junta to the T6xas,
from whom two messengers were waiting at La Junta, it was fif-
teen or twenty days.2
In response to the appeal, Father Nicolas L6pez set out on De-
cember 1 for La Junta with two. companions, Fray Juan de Zava-
leta and Fray Antonio de Acevedo. Fourteen days later he was
followed by the Maestro de Campo Juan Dominguez de Mendoza
and a small band of soldiers." On the way down the Rio Grande
Mendoza noted in his diary several rancherias of Suma Indians,
and at La Junta, ramncherias of Julimes, on both sides of the Rio
Grande. The distance from El Paso to La Junta he estimated at
ninety-seven leagues, which would make each of his leagues about
two miles, air line.4 This point should be kept in mind for later
Of the route traversed by Mendoza from La Junta, a minute
circumvecinas, y de orden del Governador del Nuevo-Mexico D. Domingo
Gironza Petris de Cruzati Hizo el Maestro de Campo Juan Dominguez de
Mendoza en fines del ano de 1683 y principos de 1684." These documents
are copies from the originals. The transcript of this second collection
fills ninety-two typewritten pages.
"See note 2 below, and page 75, note 2.
""Declaraci6n" of Juan Sabeata at El Paso, October 20, 1683. MS.
According to Governor Jironza de Cruzate, reporting the event on October
30, Sabeata had come with six companions. They arrived on Santa
Teresa Day. (Letter of Jironza de Cruzate to the viceroy, October 30,
1683. MS.) Of. Vetancurt, Ordnica, 96-97. This author says that
Sabeata reported thirty-two tribes awaiting baptism. Sabeata, in fact,
enumerated thirty-three, including his own.
a"Certificaci6n" by Mendoza, El Paso, June 23, 1684, which gives the
date of the starting of the missionaries; also Mendoza, "Derrotero." Both
are MSS. Escalante is incorrect in stating that Sabeata arrived at El Paso
in December (see his letter of April 2, 1778, in the Land of Sunshine,
Vol. XII, 311). The statement that Mendoza accompanied the mission-
aries to La Junta is also incorrect.
'"Derrotero," entries from December 15 to December 29.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/77/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.