The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 74
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly
at an eastward flowing stream, which he called the San Clemente.
He was now about forty leagues (eighty miles according to his
former estimates) from the head of the "Nueces" River, and twice
that distance from the point where he had left the Pecos, or eight-
sevenths of the distance from La Junta to the Pecos by the north-
ward route. The place was apparently on the Colorado near its
junction with the Concho. Mendoza tells nus that on his return
home he went straight west, much of the way near an east-flowing
stream, to the Pecos, which, after going some distance along the
north bank, he crossed at the point where he had passed it before.
'The testimony of this diary, supplemented by Posadas's report,
seems to identify the Nueces River, home of the Jumano in 1684,
with the Concho,'t whose very name is significant. Equally so is
the fact that a considerable pearl-fishing industry is still carried
on in the Concho River, in the neighborhood of San Angelo, which
is not true of other streams of central Texas. It may be added
that the Concho is today one of the greatest nut-producing streams
in the Southwest.
III. DATA REGARDING THE JUMANO IN SOUTHWEST TEXAS BE-
TWEEN 1683 AND 1716
Regardless of its bearing on the existence of a Jumano tribe on
the Arkansas in the middle of the eighteenth century (and that
bearing is not difficult to see), the above conclusion as to the iden-
tity of the "Nueces River" implies, of course, the presence of
Jumano in southwestern Texas at that period. With this as a
starting point, it is my purpose now to present evidence, much of
which has never been taken into account, to show that Jumano
continued to, range through the same general region till after the
middle of the eighteenth century, at least. Some of the evidence
even points to a residence there after the time when Hodge implies
that the whole tribe were living on the Red River under the name
'To this conclusion there is only one alternative. If, on his outward
journey, Mendoza struck the Pecos, in Reeves county, and followed it nine
leagues up stream instead of nine leagues down stream, the Nueces would
be Giraud Creek, and the San Clemente the Colorado below Giraud Creek.
One thing in favor of this conclusion is the fact that Mendoza returned to
the Pecos by a more southern route than that which he followed outward.
("Derrotero," entries for March 16 and May 21.)
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/79/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.