The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 4
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
2. By way of Florida
Incident to the early attempts to explore and conquer La Florida
from the east, the survivors of two shattered expeditions, seeking
refuge in the settlements of Mexico, entered what is now Texas,
crossed large stretches of its territory, and gained the first knowl-
edge sent to Europe of the southern and northeastern interiors.
As has been intimated, so far as the crossing of Texas is con-
cerned, both of these explorations were accidental.
Reference is made, of course,, to the well known journeys of
Cabeza de Vaca and Moscoso. In 1528 Cabeza de Vaca and some
two hundred companions, survivors of the Florida expedition led by
Narvez, were cast on the southeastern shore of Texas. After
spending six years on Texas soil, and enduring the hardships of en-
slavement by the Indians, Vaca and three others made their way
westward across the whole southwestern border of the present state
of Texas, entered northern Chihuahua, and finally reached Culiacan,
in Sinaloa." In 1542 Moscoso led the survivors of the De Soto ex-
pedition into Texas near the northeastern corner, westward or south-
westward to a point thought by Mr. Lewis to. have been in the upper
Brazos, and back across the Red River by essentially the same route."
This journey gave the Spaniards some knowledge of the geography
of northeastern Texas and of the Caddoan group of Indians then, as
later, inhabiting the region. It is remarkable, in this connection,
that a map based on Moscoso's exploration shows the Nondacau,
Nisone, Ays, and Guasco tribes in the same general location as
that in which they were found a century and a half later."
3. By way of New Mexico
The third line of approach, that from the west and southwest
through New Mexico, was till the later seventeenth century the
'Bandelier, The Journey of Alvar Nu1ez Cabeza de Vaca (Trail Makers
series) ; Hodge, The Narrative of Alvar Nufiez Cabeza de Vaca, in Spanish
Explorers in the Southern United States, 1528-1543. For various critical
articles relative to the route of Cabeza de Vaca, see the early files of THE
2With regard to the district traversed the present writer hopes to have
something to say at a later time.
3Lewis, The Narrative of the Expedition of Hernando de Soto, by the
Gentleman of Elvas, in Spanish Explorers in the Southern United States,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/10/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.