The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 100
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
that book, but absolutely without credit, for neither the name of
Lowery nor of his book receives mention in the work. The order
of presentation is identical, with few exceptions, through para-
graph after paragraph, page after page, while there are hundreds,
if not thousands, of identical phrases, sentences, and even large
portions of paragraphs, without a single acknowledgment. Chap-
ter III, for example, on Fray Marcos de Niza, is a paraphrase of
Lowery's Chapter V. By actual count one hundred fifty-nine
identical phrases or sentences were found in identical connections,
although the chapter contains only about ten full pages of text;
nor does this statement give an adequate impression of the close-
ness of the paraphrasing. Very clearly Mr. Twitchell regards
Lowery as a reliable translator as well as a safe historian, for the
identity extends to numerous extracts translated from the Spanish.
In these cases Mr. Twitchell generally cites the same originals as
Lowery (except occasionally, as where Lowery's reference to Mota
Padilla III somehow becomes "Mota Padilla, 3"), but Lowery
Lowery's book reaches only to, 1561, and Mr. Twitchell's anchor
for the remainder of his text is Bancroft's Arizona and New Mex-
ico. In this case the compiler's shortage of quotation marks is
less obvious, because due credit is given here and there for por-
tions borrowed-in the very paragraphs, indeed, where much
greater portions are taken without credit.
Less attention has been paid by the reviewer to Chapter I, deal-
ing with ancient New Mexico, but a casual examination shows that
most of pages 4-7 and 42-50 were taken almost verbatim and al-
together without credit from Hodge's Handbook of American In-
dians- (part I, pp. 171-172, 305-309, 108-109, 327).
As has already been intimated, the method above described ex-
tends in liberal measure to. the footnotes, also; and this applies not
merely to. citations, but to comments and important conclusions as
well. For example, more than seventy of the notes in the last one
hundred fifty pages were traced directly to Bancroft's Arizona
and New Mexico, though no credit is given to that work. An in-
stance, which could be paralleled by others, is note 362, where
eighty-seven lines, consisting of a summary based on Vetancourt,
are taken verbatim from Bancroft, pages 172-173, although the
citation is to the original Spanish work. The only other explana-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/106/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.