The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 138
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
refugees, including hundreds of women and children, were with-
out horses; many of them were barefooted and half-naked; while
all suffered in common from a lack of food.' It is not surpris-
ing to learn, therefore, that for the first ten days of the retreat
an approximate distance of only twenty-five leagues was covered.
For the details of this stage of the journey there is no adequate
account, the chief source being an auto of Garcia dated August
24, at which time the pueblo of Socorro had been reached. In
that document Garcia unfortunately made mention of only two
important succeeding events, and even neglected to give the date
for one of these.
The place first mentioned as having been passed was Sevilleta,
one of the pueblos of the Piros Indians. There the natives were
found quiet and peaceably disposed toward the Spaniards, as is
shown by the fact that they abandoned their pueblo and moved
on with the refugees into the interior of the Piros nation.2
Sometime between the 14th of August, the day Isleta was aban-
doned, and the 20th of the same month, Garcia and Father Diego
de Mendoza despatched letters to Leiva and Father Ayeta in-
forming them of the revolt and of the fate which at that time
it was supposed had befallen all the settlers north of Sandia."
This news was received by Leiva and Ayeta at El Paso on August
25, at eight o'clock in the morning.4 The events attending the
receipt of it will be discussed later.
A second and more important event had been the receipt by
Garcia of definite news concerning Otermin and the northern
refugees at Santa F6. On August 20, while Garcia and the Rio
Ahajo. people were halting in the pueblo of El Alto., there arrived
from the north Sebastian de Herrera and Fernando de ChAvez,
'Auttos tocantes, 28.
'Auto of Garcia, in Auttos tocantes, 21-22.
s"Autto (de Otermin)," in Auttos tocantes, 15.
"'Carta del Padre Visitador a el Exmo. Sr. Virrey," in N. Mew. Doc., I,
565. I have not had access to the letters of Garcia and Mendoza to Leiva
I can find no other reference to the location of any pueblo by that
name. The document reads, "estando yo con todos los Vezos del Rio en
el puesto del pueblo del alto." I think it possible, however, that Garcfa
only meant to designate his stopping place as "el puesto del alto" (the
place of the height), without any intention of referring to a pueblo by
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/146/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.