The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 14
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and must have been to those in the past."' Summariz-
ing in 1650 what he had accomplished by way of exploration since
1626, when he became governor, Martin de Zavala said of him-
self: "he has made a beginning of northern discovery, whereby he
has explored more than fifty leagues with the purpose of continu-
ing till communication is established with La Florida, and has
almost certain knowledge of the Sierra de la Plata, which he in-
tends to reach, a feat which has so often been attempted by the
governors of Nueva Vizcaya and Nuevo Le6n, but which has been
abandoned because of Indian troubles."2 It is not clear whether
the fifty leagues explored toward La Florida were those covered in
search of the mine or not; but in either case, the Rio Bravo was
in all probability passed.
Pursuit of the Indians was a constant occupation on this fron-
tier. From the outset slave catching for the markets and for the
encomiendas, which in Nuevo Le6n were generally established, had
been a favorite occupation at Cerralvo, more attractive than min-
ing.3 In retaliation, the savage tribes made frequent raids upon
the settlements, and were as often pursued beyond the frontiers by
such doughty warriors as Alonso de Le6n, Juan de Zavala, Juan
de la Garza, and Fernandez de Azcue. In 1653, for example, a
campaign led by Garza was made jointly by soldiers of Saltillo
and Nuevo Le6n against the Cacaxtles, who were found more than
seventy leagues northward from Monterrey.' Two years later an-
other joint campaign was made by the soldiers of Saltillo and
Monterrey against the same tribe. The troop of one hundred three
soldiers, equipped with eight hundred horses, and led by Fer-
nindez de Azcue, were supported by more than three hundred In-
dian allies of the Coahuila region. Going north from Monterrey,
at a place twenty-four leagues beyond the Rio, Bravo they en-
countered the enemy within a wood, surrounded them, fought all
day, slew a hundred men and took seventy prisoners, themselves
suffering the loss of twenty wounded. This campaign of Azcue,
'Le6n, Historia de Nuevo Ledn, 84.
Memorial presented to the king through Alonso de Le6n. Ibid., 214.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/20/: accessed May 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.