The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 227

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THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XVI* JANUARY, 1913 No. 4
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY.
THE QUESTION OF THE EASTERN BOUNDARY OF CAL-
IFORNIA IN THE CONVENTION OF 1849
CARDINAL GOODWDWIN
1. The Boundary under Spain and Mexico
California apparently had no established eastern boundary un-
der the Spanish government.' The explorations of Garc6s through
southern Nevada as shown on Padre Font's map of 1777,2 and of
Dominguez and Escalante through Utah and southeastern Ne-
vada3 had doubtless given the Spanish officials a vague notion of
the interior basin of upper California, as it was called, and the
decrees of the viceroys, according to Halleck, included that re-
gion in the judicial district of the California territory.'
Even when Mexico. became independent of Spain, the boundaries
of her northern provinces, California and New Mexico, were not
established with any great degree of precision. There were, for'
instance, two maps of Upper California, published in 1837. Rosa's
map, published by order of the Mexican Congress, shows the south-
*Volumes I-XV published as TIIE QUARTERLY of the Texas State His-
torical Association.
'Bancroft, History of Arizona and New Mexico, 345, says: "California,
however, while no boundary was ever fixed officially, was not generally
considered to extend east of the Rio Colorado."
2Bancroft, History of Nevada, Colorado and Wyoming, 28 et seq.
$Ibid., 36, and History of Utah, 7 et seq.
4Browne, Report of the Debates in the Convention of California, 18491,
451-452.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/235/ocr/: accessed August 24, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.