The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 20
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The. Southwestern Historical Quarterly
short time the missions were abandoned on account of an upris-
3. The Mendoza-Ldpez Expedition to the Jumanos, 1684
The same appeal that led Father L6pez to undertake missionary
work at La Junta resulted in the expedition made in 1684 by
Juan Dominguez de Mendoza and Father L6pez to. the Jumano
Indians of the Nueces; this event, in turn,, greatly increased in-
terest in the eastern tribes, especially the Texas and Quiviras.
The principal bearer of the request for missionaries in 1683
was a Jumano Indian known to history as Juan Sabeata, who
appeared before Governor Cruzate in October.2 According to his
story he and some of his people lived with the Julimes at La
Junta. Part of his tribe lived six days to the eastward, on the
Nueces River, which was three days beyond the place where the
buffalo herds began. Among more than thirty tribes which he
named as living toward the east were the "extended nation of the
Humanas," the "great kingdom of the Texas," and the "great
kingdom of Quivira." He told particularly of the "great king-
dom of the Texas." This populous realm, which was fifteen days
eastward from La Junta, was ruled by a powerful king. As for
the man who had visited Castillo in 1650, he was not king, "but
only the king's lieutenant." The Texas were a settled people,
raised crops in abundance,, and were neighbors of La Gran Quivira,
so close, indeed, that they visited back and forth almost daily. From
what he had heard, they would gladly welcome settlers and mission-
aries, for ever since Castillo's day they had been wishing for and ex-
pecting them. Even now two messengers from the Texas were wait-
xThe above summary is based mainly on two collections of original Span-
ish manuscripts entitled "Auttos tocantes; al Alsamiento de los Yndios
de la Provincia de la Nueba Mexico," and "Autos Pertenecientes a el
algamiento de los Yndios de la Proua del Nuevo Mexico y la entrada, Y
subcesos de ella que se higo para su recuperacion." In addition some use
has been made of the church archives of Juarez. I am indebted to Miss
Anne Hughes for much aid in digesting the two expedientes, and to Mr.
J. W. Curd, for notes from the Juarez documents.
'This account of the Mendoza expedition is based on the original docu-
ments in the archives of Mexico. They consist for the most part of the
two collections named in the note next above, and another entitled "Viage
Que A solicitud de los Naturales de la Prova. de Texas .. Hiizo el
Maestre de campo Juan Dominguez de Mendoza."
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/26/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.