The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 21
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The Spanish Occupation of Texas, 1519-1690
mg at La Junta for a reply to their request sent through Sabeata.
A touch of interest was added to the story by the statement, on the
authority of the two Texas messengers "that in that part of the
east Spaniards enter by water in Houses made of trees, and main-
tain trade with the said Nation of the Texas." It was easy for
the authorities, after the menace offered by Pefialosa, to, transform
these "Spaniards" into encroaching Frenchmen.
Governor Cruzate was enthusiastic at the prospect of a new
field for exploration, and forwarded Sabeata's declaration to the
viceroy with a letter in which he stated that he would consider
it a great triumph if "another New World" and "two Realms with
two more Crowns" should be added to the kingdom.2 In answer
to. Sabeata's request, Father L6pez went to La Junta, as we have
already seen. Shortly afterward he was followed by Maestre de
Campo Juan Dominguez de Mendoza and a small band of soldiers,
destined to "the Discovery of the Orient and the Kingdom of the
Texas."3 On January 1, 1684, the party, accompanied by Father
L6pez, and leaving Father Acevedo to minister to the Indians
at La 'Junta, set out for the country of the Nueces, which they
found after going seventy leagues northward to the Pecos and
thence forty leagues toward the east. Mendoza kept a diary of
the expedition which identifies the Nueces with one of the branches
of the upper Colorado, probably the Concho, and with the stream
visited by the expedition of 1654, for Mendoza had himself been
on that journey and recognized the place. Moreover, he had with
him Hernando Martin, who had been one of the leaders of the
expedition of 1650. Forty leagues from the head of the Nueces,
at a stream called the San Clemente, apparently the Colorado, a
temporary fort and chapel were built. During the stay of several
weeks a number of Indians were baptized and nearly five thousand
buffalo hides secured. The Indians asked for missionaries and set-
'Declaration of Juan Sabeata, October 20, 1683. Sabeata added that "he
who came to see said Sargento Mayor Diego del castillo when he was
there was not their King, but his Lieutenant, for the King never leaves
home, and lives with great authority." Ibid.
Cruzate to the viceroy, October 30, 1683. MS.
Opening paragraph of Mendoza's "Derrotero." Mendoza's "Ynstruccion"
required him to undertake "the new discovery of the Jumanas and of all
the other nations who are their friends." MS. in the Bancroft Collection.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/27/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.