The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 22
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The Southwestern, Historical Quarterly
tiers, and before returning Father L6pez and Mendoza promised to
return within a year prepared to grant the request.'
Writing to the king of this expedition Father L6pez said:
Penetrating and mapping out their lands, both to the north and
the east, I was in sixty-six other nations [besides those at La
Junta], all docile and friendly toward the Spaniard, and asking
also for the water of baptism, and that we should settle where it
should seem convenient. . . . We were in their lands six
months, sustained by the said heathen solely on the fruits of the
soil. . . . Their mineral hills offer much; there are many
rivers, all with different kinds of fish and abounding in nacre,
from which years ago many pearl were secured. . . . And be-
sides these nations we had ambassadors from the Texas, a power-
ful kingdom, where Mother Maria de Agreda catechized many In-
dians, as she relates in her writings. . . . And we came to
tread the borders of the first settlements of this nation.
We succeeded also in treading the lands of the Aijados nation,
next to the great kingdom of Quivira, of whom Fray Alonso de
Benavides makes mention, but because the said Aijados were at
war with the tribes which we had in our friendship, I did not
communicate with them, although they were already planning to
make friends with us. It [the Aijados tribe] is less than seventy
leagues distant from La Gran Quivira.2
4. Proposals for the Occupation of the Jumano Country, 1685-
This expedition of 1684, coupled with news of Pefialosa's doings,
now became the basis of an attempt to, occupy the Jumano country
with missionaries and soldiers, and of renewed talk by the New
Mexico officials of Gran Quivira, Gran Teguayo, and the great
Kingdom of the Texas.
On their return to El Paso, Father L6pez and Mendoza both
went to the city of Mexico. In a memorial of June 7, 1685,
L6pez urged, besides support for the settlements about El Paso
'Mendoza, "Derrotero," and accompanying documents, in "Viage Que A
Solicitud," etc. For further details see Bolton, "The Jumano Indians in
Texas, 1650-1771," in THE QUARTERLY, XV, 68-74.
2Memorial, April 24, 1684, in Duro, Peialosa, 67-74. In another ac-
count L6pez stated that they were within twenty-five leagues of the Texas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/28/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.