The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 23
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The Spanish Occupation of Texas, 1519-1690
and the missions at La Junta, the occupation of the recently ex-
plored country of the Jumanos. Sixty-six tribes, he said, north-
eastward from La Junta, had given obedience, and twenty addi-
tional missionaries were needed to serve them.' He was backed in
this request by his order, for the commissary general advertized
the new field in the various monasteries, and forty-six friars vol-
unteered to go.2 L6pez's petition being negatived by the authori-
ties at Mexico on account of the bad situation at El Paso, in
March, 1686, he urged anew "the manifest peril threatened by
delay." At present two hundred men would suffice to avert the
danger, at little cost, because of the richness of the country; but
later it would "be impossible to repair it with millions." He now
asked, not for twenty but for fifty-two missionaries.8 In another
memorial he requested one hundred soldiers, even from the jails,
and offered, on the promise of his two wealthy brothers of El
Rosario, to furnish for the undertaking five hundred fanegas of
maize, three hundred beeves, and two hundred horses.4 His pro-
posals were pronounced by the fiscal as "fantastic, and ideas merit-
ing no consideration" ;, but he had already turned to the king,
repeating his request, and urging especially the nearness of the
country to be occupied to the Aijados, Texas, and the great king-
dom of Quivira.6
About the same time Mendoza also addressed a memorial to the
viceroy, saying that Pefialosa, under whom he had served in New
Mexico, really possessed detailed information regarding Teguayo,
the Sierra Azul, and the kingdom of the Texas. "And if this
Pefialosa should carry out his intention, great ruin of this New
Spain is to be feared, since these lands are the most fertile and
fruitful of this New World." But in Mendoza lay the remedy.
To avert the danger he offered,, if the king would only supply him
with two hundred men from the jails, to enter the eastern coun-
try again, explore as far as the North Sea, reconnoiter Gran
1L6pez, "Representaci6n," June 7, 1685, in Viage Que A Solicitud, 53-73.
2Memorial to the king, April 24, 1686, in Duro, Penalosa, 67-74.
8"Segunda Representaci6n," in Viage Que A Solicitud, 73.
'Memorial of April 24, 1686, in Duro, Penalosa, 67-74.
'Dictamen fiscal, May 22, 1686.
'Memorial of April 24, 1686. Duro, Peialosa, 67-74.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/29/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.