The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 24
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Quivira and the Kingdom of the Texas, make maps and reports,
plant two presidios in the country of the Nueces, and reduce the In-
dians to settled life. The only expense to the crown would be that
incident to arming the men and maintaining them till they should
reach the Nueces, since, once there, the country would support, not
two hundred, but two million; "for, besides these advantages, we
have immediate recourse to. the settlement of the Texas, which
nation plants maize, calabashes, and beans." This memorial was
perhaps written by Father L6pez, for, besides bearing internal
marks of that friar's authorship, it was sent by him to the king
with "hearty commendation."'
5. The La Salle Expedition and the Occupation of Eastern Texas,
By this time news had been received in Mexico of the La Salle
expedition to some point on the Gulf coast, and in 1686 began the
series of explorations, four by sea from Vera Cruz and five by
land from Monterrey and Monclova, in search, not of the French
alone, but (1) of the French, (2) the Bay of Espiritu Santo, and
(3) the country of the Texas, which had not yet been reached.2
The events of this period have been so well told by Clark and
Garrison that they need no more than the merest summary here.
But from what has gone before, some of them will now take on a
new meaning. In 1689, on the fourth of these land expeditions, De
Le6n and Father Massanet found the remains of the French set-
tlement on Matagorda Bay, to which the name of Espiritu Santo
thenceforth became attached for a reason which is now obvious.
During the same expedition De Le6n and Massanet went as far
east as the Colorado. River, where they were ihet by the chief of
the Nabcdache, the westernmost of the Hasinai, or Texas, tribes.
After a short conference they arranged to return in the following
year to found a mission for his people.'
x"Memorial del Maestre de Campo Juan Dominguez de Mendoza," in
'Note the emphasis put by Father Massanet on the discovery ,of the Bay
of Espiritu Santo as well as the search for the French. Letter to Sigienza,
in TiE QUARTERLY, II, 281-312.
3"Derrotero de la Jornado que hizo el General Alonzo de Le6n para el
descubrimiento de la Bahia del Espiritu Santo, y Poblaci6n de Franceses:
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/30/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.