The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 331
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Notes and Fragments
The Port Gibson Correspondent of September 25, 1819, con-
tained the following "from the Texas Republican, Aug. 21":
On the 19th inst. the detachment under the command of Gen.
Long met a Spanish woman 40 miles west of Nacogdoches, by the
name of lVaria El Garma Freminia. She was found in a state of
starvation, and comparatively naked. She states that she left
Labadie a few weeks ago, in company with two men, both soldiers
in the service of the king of Spain, and not knowing the road,
they wandered about in the woods for many days in search of pro-
vision, but without finding any. -One of the men turned off by
himself to look for water, but he never returned to them, and they
supposed that he must have died. The other man and this woman
journeyed on but a short distance when he died for want of pro-
vision, and she began to expect the same fate; however, she finally
fell into the main road leading from Labadie to this place, and
subsisted on a pole cat in the woods until she met with general
Long's detachment, from whence she has been sent to this place.
She also adds, that when she left Labadie, that place was in a
very unpleasant situation-that garrison being in a state of total
defection, having in it not more than twenty soldiers at the time
of her leaving the place, the most of whom watched only for an
opportunity to run away; that they are not well supplied with pro-
visions; that the Comanche Indians, their eternal enemies, harrass
them and keep them continually annoyed on every side, so that
they cannot go more than one mile in safety from the place. The
commandant of St. Antonio cannot assist them.
In the issue of September 18th, the Port Gibson Correspondent
published the extract from the Texas Republican, printed in THE
QUARTERLY, VII, 242-3, and credited it, and the notice "To Set-
tlers" below, to the Texas Republican of August 28th:
The army being now on a march to the Brassos, and a fort con-
templated to be erected at that place, it will give the utmost se-
curity to families wishing to settle in this country. From the
great facility of getting lands, the quality of which cannot be ex-
celled, as well as the mildness of the climate, it holds forth the
greatest inducements at this time to persons to settle; and as the
army will always be one hundred miles at least in advance of the
settlements, it will give them the fullest protection.
Now is the time, as the first settlers will certainly have the
most choice lands, in greater abundance, and on much better
terms, than those who wait to see our troubles over without shew-
ing a disposition to effect the settlement of the country or con-
tributing in any manner to advance the cause.
E. W. WINKLER.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/339/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.