The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 28
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
honorable mention. At any rate, what we know of Kentucky's
share in the liberation of Texas from the tyranny of Mexico is
One of the most interesting things in connection with the Texan
struggle for independence is the large number, comparatively speak-
ing, of states and foreign countries from which volunteers flocked
to Texas.1 On the one hand the province of Texas was invaded
by bands of Mexicans bent upon establishing a centralized despot-
ism; upon the other, it was invaded from one motive or another
by those of a dozen different nationalities equally determined to
expel the enemies of the country. As an illustration of this fact
it is interesting to note the composition of Company E, First Regi-
ment of Texas Infantry, Permanent Volunteers. This company
comprised some sixty-odd members from the following regions:
fourteen from Pennsylvania; four from Kentucky; two from
Maine; eight from Virginia; three from Indiana; one from AMis-
sissippi; one from Delaware; three from Tennessee; one from
North Carolina; one from Missouri; two from Germany; four
from England; one from Scotland; one from South Carolina; and
three from Maryland. In the company of Captain Pettus, the
xFor the different states and climes represented by the early colonists
of Texas, see Fulmore, "Annexation of Texas and Mexican War," in THE
QUARTERLY, V, 32-33.
The Anglo-Americans who settled Texas were of the same stock as those
who a generation before had crossed the Alleghanies and planted new set-
tlements in what are now the states of Kentucky and Tennessee. Further
south and west flowed the tide of emigrants, winning from the wilderness
new areas destined -to become powerful states of the American Union.
Says one who should have known: "The people of Texas were generally
unpretending farmers and planters from the middle walks of life." (Whar-
ton to Austin, December 11, 1836; Garrison, Dip. Cor. Tex., I, 152.) Says
another: "The society to be found there is composed of men of intelligence
and republican habits, and if men of different description are to be found
there, they bear as small a proportion to the whole number as bad men
do in any other part of the globe." (The Evening Post [New York], No-
vember 6, 1835.) Cf. also Benton, Thirty Years' Vieso, I, 674,; Smith, The
Annexation of Texas, 24, and Kennedy, Texas, I, 333, as to the character
of the early colonists of Texas. To. dispose of them, as some writers do,
by branding the settlers as "lawless adventurers" or "criminal outcasts"
is entirely without warrant. Schouler, History of the United States, IV,
253, refers, not entirely with justification, to the "covert process of colon-
ization." See Garrison, Texas, 148. Austin considered the stipulation im-
posed upon the colonists sof becoming Roman Catholics merely a "formal
and unessential requisition." (Austin to Wharton, November 18, 1836,
Garrison, Dip. Cor. Tex., I, 134.) Kennedy (Texas, I, 339) says this
requirement of the colonization law was unscrupulously evaded.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/34/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.