The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 339
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Vol. XVI.* APRIL, 1913 No. 4
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY.
SPANISH ACTIVITIES ON THE LOWER TRINITY
HERBERT E. BOLTON
FRENCH ENCROACHMENTS AND OROBIO BAZTERRA'S EXPLORING EX-
The activities of the Spanish government in Texas were from first
to last inspired largely by fears of foreign aggression. When these
fears slept, Texas was left pretty much to, itself, so far as the gov-
ernment was concerned, but when serious rumors of encroaching
strangers reached the official ears, there was likely to be vigorous
proceedings for a time. The occupation of the lower Trinity
River in the middle of the eighteenth century was no exception
to this rule. Although settlements had been founded in eastern
Texas as early as 1690, the authorities in Mexico, and even in the
province of Texas itself, seem to have been almost entirely igno-
*Volumes I-XV published as THE QUARTERLY of the Texas State His-
'This paper is based entirely upon manuscript original sources. The
older works in English which mention the subject are entirely valueless;
the treatments given by modern writers in English are so brief as to be
very unsatisfactory. The only printed account by an early Spanish his-
torian is that of Bonilla, in his Breve Compendio (translated by West in
THE QUARTERLY, VIII, 1-78), which, although written by a contemporary
who was in a position to know, contains numerous fundamental errors.
At best Bonilla's account is very brief and incomplete, as he devotes only
about a page to the matter. The manuscript materials on which this study
is based are records in the B6xar Archives, the Lamar Papers, and the
Nacogdoches Archives, and transcripts in my personal collection from the
archives of Mexico and Spain. What is presented here was practically
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/347/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.