The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 378
The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
CAUSES AND ORIGIN OF THE DECREE OF APRIL
1. Mexico, 1823-1833.-To appreciate the significance of any
measure of the Mexican federal government, with regard to Texas,
during the years 1820-1836 it is necessary to have a knowledge
of conditions in Mexico during that time, as well as some under-
standing of the feeling of the Mexican people toward their neigh-
bors of the north, the people of the United States. This is possibly
more true of the decree of April 6, 1830, than of any other political
measure passed by the Mexican government, with reference to
Texas, during the whole period of Anglo-American colonization.
Therefore, before taking up a study of the decree, it will be well
to review rapidly the salient facts in Mexico's history during the
After a struggle of eleven years, Mlexico succeeded, in 1821, in
freeing herself from the yoke of Spain. During the next three
years she went through a restless period of governmental experi-
ments, the boldest of which was the adoption in 1824 of a consti-
tution and a republican form of government. It seemed for a
while as if this radical step was to prove successful. The first
president, Guadalupe Victoria, was a fairly able executive, and
piloted the war-worn nation safely through the first three and a
half years of his administration. But the presidential campaign
of 1828 was a sharp contest between two strong candidates, Gomez
Pedraza and Vicente Guerrero. Pedraza was declared elected, but
Guerrero charged unfairness in the election and took up arms in
support of his claim. He was a popular military leader and suc-
1The manuscript materials used in the preparation of this paper are
found in the Austin Papers at the University of Texas, and in the tran-
scripts which the University has made from the Mexican archives. The
transcripts here used are from the Archivo de Guerra y Marina, Opera-
ciones Militares, Fracci6n 1. Each document will be referred to by Legajo
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/386/ocr/: accessed July 27, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.