The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 379
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Causes and Origin of the Decree of April 6, 1830
ceeded in establishing himself in the presidential chair at the
beginning of the new term, April 1, 1829. In the summer of
1829, the nation was thrown into excitement over an attempt of
Spain to invade her former possession with a view to reconquest.
The Spanish troops were easily repelled by Generals Teran and
Santa Anna, but during the crisis President Guerrero had been
invested with dictatorial powers, and his exercise of the extraordi-
nary authority afforded political agitators an opportunity to raise
the cry of tyranny. Anastasio Bustamante, who had been elected
vice-president on the ticket with Pedraza, easily "assumed the role,
which is always open to the demagogue, of preserver of the consti-
tution and liberator of the people,"' and incited a revolt against
Guerrero, who fled from the capital, leaving his rival in possession.
Bustamante assumed the chair and held it until he in turn was
driven out by the ambitious Santa Anna in November, 1832.
Pedraza was now installed to fill out his unexpired term, and on
April 1, 1833, Santa Anna himself became president. The turbu-
lent history of the next few years does not directly concern the
subject of the decree of April 6, 1830.
2. The Anglo-American Colonization of Texas.--During the
years while Mexico was effecting the outward metamorphosis into
a full-fledged republic, she took a step which seemed at the time
not only justifiable but commendably progressive, but one which
shortly proved to have been a serious political blunder. This was
nothing less than the opening of her doors to foreign immigration.
It is true that the first concession in this direction was made under
Spanish authority to Moses Austin of Missouri, in 1821, but the
grant was reaffirmed by the various succeeding governments, and
in August, 1824, the new republic promulgated a general coloni-
zation law2 most generous in its provisions. The intent of the law
seems to have been a deliberate bid for colonization from the
English-speaking states of the north. The reason back of this was
doubtless in some degree an impulsive feeling of fellowship on the
part of the newly born Mexican republic for the strong and success-
ful sister republic whose boundaries touched her own. She was
grateful for the sympathy extended by the people of the United
'Garrison, Texas, 104.
"Dublan y Lozano, Legislaoidn Mexicsna, I, 712.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/387/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.