The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 37
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Kentucky and the Independence of Texas
following letter, written by one of the survivors, gives an account
of the massacre of his comrades:'
Dear Father :-I take this opportunity of writing a few lines to
let you know that I am still in existence. I suppose you will
have heard before this reaches you that I was either taken prisoner
or killed. I was taken prisoner on the 20th of last month, and
kept a week, when all of us were ordered out to be shot, but I,
with six others, out of 521, escaped. Before we were taken, Col.
Fannin's party had a battle with the Mexicans in a large prairie,
and killed and wounded, as the Mexicans themselves said, 300 of
them; but one of the Mexicans, who was a prisoner at the time,
says that it took them all the night of the 19th to bury their dead,
and that we must have killed and wounded something like 800
or a thousand. Their force was 1900 strong,-ours 250.
The circumstances under which we were taken were these. We
were completely surrounded, without any provisions or water, and
in such a situation that we could not use our cannon; in conse-
quence of which we thought it best to surrender on the terms
offered to us-which were, to treat us [as] prisoners of war, and ac-
cording to the rules of Christian warfare. But how sadly we
were deceived, the sequel will show: after starving us for a week,
they ordered us out, saying we were going after beef, but when
we had marched about half a mile from the fort we were ordered
to halt. The Mexicans marched all on one side of us, and took
deliberate aim at us, but I, as you have seen, was fortunate enough
to escape. I have however had monstrous hard times, having noth-
ing to eat for five successive days and nights, but at length arrived
safely here this morning, after a travel of two weeks through
prairies and dangers during which time I had some narrow escapes,
especially the night before last on the line of the picket guards of
the Mexican force,, I was nearly killed or taken.
San Felip is taken. The Mexicans are in Texas, but I think I
shall live to see her free notwithstanding. We have near 1500
men in camp, and expect to attack the enemy in a few days.
I am well with the exception of very sore feet occasioned by
walking through the prairies barefooted. Tomorrow I shall go
over the river to a farm to stay until I get entirely well, when I
will try to avenge the death of some of my brave friends. All
of my company were killed.
Your affectionate son,
Chas. B. Shain
Apr 11th, Groce's Crossing on Brazos.
'Printed in the Lexington Intelligencer, May 17, 1836.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/43/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.