The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 54
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
all volunteers who had entered the service of the republic since
July 1 last should be entitled to the same pay and bounties of
land as those entering prior to that time.1 According to a law
of December 18, 1837, all those permanently disabled while in the
service of Texas by loss of eye, arm or limb, or other bodily injury
so as to be incapacitated for bodily labor, received one league of
This matter of the land bounties has been dwelt upon somewhat
at length for two reasons: first of all, the inducement thus
held out to volunteers a compelling motive in causing hundreds
from the United States to enlist in the service of the Texan gov-
ernment; and, secondly, many of those who rendered such service
would naturally, at the close of hostilities, settle down perma-
nently in the region between the Sabine and the Rio Grande. It
may be observed that Austin while acting as commissioner to the
United States wrote back to the government of Texas in regard to
offers of land to volunteers at variance with those of the govern-
ment, which offers, he said, did much harm. The offer referred
to was one made by Major William P. Miller, of Nashville, prom-
ising eight hundred acres and $24 bounty. The decree increasing
the bounty of soldiers in the regular army by one hundred and
sixty acres and $24 was passed December 14, and had not come
to the notice of Austin.3
Touching the question of neutrality, Kentuckians like the vol-
unteers from other states, did not feel themselves called upon to
pay any more heed to the laws upon the subject than did anti-
'Gammel, Laws of Texas, I, 1094.
-Ibid., I, 1436.
sAustin, Archer and Wharton to Smith, February 16, 1836; Austin
to Owings, February 12, 1836; Austin and Archer to the Governor of
Texas, March 3, 1836. Garrison, Dip. Cor. Tex., I, 68-69, 70, 73. Cf.,
however, THE QUARTERLY, IX, 233, note 3. The Kentucky Gazette, De-
cember 12, 1836, prints an offer signed by Miller promising twelve hun-
dred acres of land and $24 bounty; promises are held out of a law
raising the bounty to two thousand acres. According to a joint eresolu-
tion passed by the Texas Congress November 30, 1836, those introduc-
ing by January 10 for the duration of the war as many as twenty men
were to receive a second lieutenant's commission; thirty, a first lieuten-
ant's; fifty-six, a captain's; two hundred and eighty, a major's; four
hundred, a lieutenant-colonel's; five hundred and sixty, a colonel's, and
eleven hundred and twenty, a brigadier-general's. Gammel, Laws of
Texas, I, 1112. Cf., also, Lexington Intelligencer, April 26, 1836, and
Kentucky Gazette, July 20, 1837.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/60/: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.