The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913 Page: 2
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
were of gold";' for the Seven Hills of the Aijados, or Aixaos,
where gold was so plentiful that "the natives not knowing any of
the other metals, make of it everything they need, such as vessels
and the tips of arrows and lances" ;2 for the Sierra (or Cerro) de
la Plata (Silver Mountain), somewhere north of the Rio Grande ;3
for the pearls of the Jumano country;4 and for the "Great King-
dom of the Texas," a people who, like the Jumanos, had been
miraculously converted by the woman in blue,5 who. lived next
door to the Kingdom of Gran Quivira, were ruled by a powerful
lord, had well built towns, each several miles in length, and raised
grain in such abundance that they even fed it to their horses.6 All
these various quests and beliefs had made the Texas country an
object of interest to the Spaniards long before it became a field for
political contest with France.
II. FOUR LINES OF APPROACH TO TEXAS, 1519-1678
There were four lines of approach to Spanish Texas, through
the development of which a knowledge of the region was gradually
unfolded: (1) From the east and south, by way of the Gulf of
Mexico; (2) from the east, by way of the vast region known in
early days as La Florida; (3) from the west and southwest, by
way of New Mexico and Nueva Vizcaya; and (4) from the south,
through the expansion of Nuevo Le6n and Coahuila.
'Castafieda, Narrative, translated by Winship, in Fourteenth Annual Re-
port of the Bureau of American Ethnology, I, 493.
'Niel, Apuntamientos, in Documentos para la Historia de Mexico, Tercera
Serie, tomo iv, 92. See also Benavides, Memorial, in Land of Sunshine,
3"Un cerro dicen que hay, que llaman el de La Plata, incognito a los que
hoy viven, tambien lo seria a los pasmdos; es hacia el Norte." (Leon,
Historia de Nuevo Le6n [Mexico, 1909], 84. Diego Ram6n explored the
Cerro de la Platta, at the order of the viceroy, sometime before 1703.
Hidalgo, Fray Francisco, "Relaoion de la Quivira" [MS], 65.)
4See page 10.
'See note 4 page 8 for a statement concerning the miraculous conver-
sion ,of various tribes in Texas.
'Declaration of Juan Sabeata before Governor Cruzate, of New Mexico,
at El Paso del Rio del Norte, October 20, 1683. MS.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913, periodical, 1913; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/m1/8/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.