The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 8
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Martinez, who was engaged upon the Spanish Boundary Commis-
sion. He also states that he has a sketch, based upon a Spanish
chart, which represents a boundary line as running in an east-north-
east direction from the Sabine to a point about two leagues from
the Red River, whence making a right angle to include the post
of Adaes, it runs in a west-northwest direction for an indefinite
extent, but with obvious intention to parallel the Red River. From
this sketch he concluded that the United States could claim a line
parallel to that stream and prolonged to the "Northern Andes, from
which chain of mountains the Red River and the Missouri derive
their sources." From that point this watershed should constitute
the western boundary of Louisiana, possibly as far as the latitude
of the Lake of the Woods. Sibley vaguely mentioned a similar line
and likewise reported an agreement between local Spanish officials
in Texas and Louisiana, by which the general commandant of the
Interior Provinces exercised jurisdiction over the Bayou Pierre
Settlement, east of the Sabine. This local agreement, however,
in no way affected the territorial rights of the United States.
Aside from certain minor differences it will be seen that these
four men in their reports substantially agree that the western
boundary of Louisiana is of most indefinite character. Dunbar
is the only one to suggest a fairly clear limit-the Continental
Divide-which Jefferson also adopted; and this was later commonly
accepted. The apparent suggestion by Clark that the western
boundary of Louisiana began on the Pacific, is neutralized by his
later statement that France had claimed only as far west on the
tributaries of the Mississippi as her explorers had penetrated. All
of them acknowledged that Spain rightfully exercised jurisdiction
east of the Sabine, and Clark expressly scouted any French claim
west of that river based on La Salle's Texas settlement. Dunbar
quotes, apparently with approval, the opinion of his Spanish cor-
respondent at New Orleans that the United States should cede to
Spain the country west of the Mississippi in exchange for the
Floridas. Clark hints at the same idea by stating that the bound-
ary question does not depend on exact information, but must be
settled by negotiation and compromise.
While awaiting answers from the lower Mississippi Jefferson
began to formulate an opinion of his own regarding the limits of
Louisiana. In the midst of correspondence regarding the explora-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/12/: accessed April 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.