The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 139
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Movement for State Division of California, 1849-1860 139
to secure conditions for the further extension of slavery cannot be-
deduced from a study of the debates and votes of the convention."
But there was a purpose, on the part of some in that convention,.
to secure division. This, however, has been shown to have had its
cause in the unalloyed desire of the native Californians to be placed
under a territorial form of government, in order that they might
avoid being united with a people they did not understand, and whose
domination they feared.'
As to, the movement carried on through the decade to divide the
state, it must be said that the writers referred to, in assigning
causes for it, seem to have had their views determined too much
by reasoning from what they supposed was a deep-laid plan of
slavery propagandists in the constitutional convention. During the
decade of the agitation for division, charges were made that there
was back of the movement the purpose to make slave territory out
of a part of California. But these were denied, in several instances
by the very newspapers which had made them, and beyond infer-
ences, charges, and innuendo, the evidence to support the claim that
slavery conspiracy was fundamental in the division movement is
scant. To hold, as one writer does,l0 that the ostensible purpose
was kept concealed through a decade, is to ask much of prejudice
and credulity. On the other hand, the history of the movement
shows that during the years under discussion the facts of differences
of country and people of the northern and southern parts of the
state, the feeling that injustice was done to a section and a class,
the desire of the native Californians for a separate territorial gov-
ernment, the developing life of the western frontier seeking a larger
representation in Congress, and the continued problem of adjust-
ment of a great and diverse population, were factors manifesting
themselves in clear and definite form. Now and then slavery dis-
cussion was an incident in the movement, but at no time does the
slavery propaganda appear as a determining factor. It is truer,
on the basis of the evidence to say that slavery discussion was occa--
sionally injected into the movement to divide the state than to say
that the division movement grew out of the slavery propaganda.
8Goodwin, "The Eastern Boundary of California in the Constitutional
Convention," in THE QUARTERLY, XVI, 254, 255.
'See above, pp. 104-105.
IoSee above, p. 138.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/143/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.