The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 210
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
sions mentioned (San Francisco and Santisimo Nombre de Maria)
were established for two distinct peoples. As a matter of fact,
both were in the same sub-tribe of the Hasinai confederacy, the
Nabedache, and within a few miles of eac hother. These mis-
sions were abandoned in October, 1693,, and not in 1694 (p. 96).
The mission of "St. Francis de los Neches" was not the same
as that of Nacogdoches (p. 97); one was on the Neches and the
other forty miles or more eastward, beyond the Angelina, while
they were founded by different missionary colleges. Ram6n had
twenty-four soldiers and ten religious, not "some fifty soldiers and
twelve friars" (p. 96). It is implied that the Ram6n expedition
founded seven instead of six missions in eastern Texas (p. 97).
The impression is given on page 97 that only one mission was
founded on the San Antonio, instead of eight. The statement
regarding the French invasion of Texas in 1719 is greatly over-
drawn, to say the least (pp. 97-98). Not thirty, but fifteen,
Canary Island families were taken to Texas to found the villa of
San Fernando (p. 98). The colony on the Trinity described
with some vividness on p. 99 never existed, hence the description
is somewhat gratuitous.
The most fundamental misapprehension regarding early Texas
is revealed in the description on pp. 99-100 of the mission regime
among the "Tejas and the Cenis." The description given would
fit the situation on the San Antonio, three hundred miles away,
fairly well, but it is a patent fact that the Tejas (Cenis) never
consented to live in pueblos or to submit to mission discipline.
Hence, so far as eastern Texas is concerned, the whole passage is
incorrect and beside the point. This misapplication of an inter-
esting passage is due in part to an inadequate study of the In-
dian situation. It is implied (p. 101) that secularization of the
Texas missions was generally effected in 1794, but, as a matter of
fact, only one mission, Valero, was then secularized, the process
not being completed for all Texas till after the end of the Spanish
It was not in 1777, but several years earlier, that the northern
garrisons mentioned on p. 102 were withdrawn. It is a strange
confusion of the Indian situation to state that the Comanche were
incited by "their hereditary foes," the Apache, to turn their arms
against the Spaniards. What is meant is that the Spanish-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/214/: accessed July 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.