The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 217
Vol. XVII.* JANUARY, 1913 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY.
TEXAS AND THE BOUNDARY ISSUE, 1822-1829
WILLIAM R. MANNING
It is the purpose of this article to study the diplomatic relations
between Mexico and the United States concerning Texas and the
boundary issue from 1822 to 1829. Internal affairs in Texas will
be alluded to only when they furnish an occasion for or exercise
an influence upon diplomatic communications.
The secret instructions given October 31, 1822, to Zozaya, the
first Mexican minister to the United States, required him to ask
the views of that government with reference to the limits of
Louisiana.. He was told that the imperial Mexican government
considered the treaty of February 22, 1819, between the United
States and Spain valid, and was disposed to carry out its pro-
visions for establishing permanent landmarks. He was to learn
whether any settlements had been effected or were being planned
which would prejudice the rights of the Empire under that treaty.l
Spain's refusal to ratify the treaty for almost two years in the
vain effort to induce the United States to agree not to recognize
her rebellious colonies had delayed its execution until Mexico had
become de facto independent. The recognition of that independ-
ence by the United States in the early part of 1822 made it neces-
sary to reckon henceforth with Mexico in any matter concerning
*Volumes I-XV published as THE QUARTERLY of the Texas State His-
1Instrucciones Reservadas para Zozaya, 31 de Octubre de 1822, La
Diplomacia Meaicana, I, 85. This treaty later known as the Florida
Treaty is spoken of in the correspondence of the time as the Treaty of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/221/ocr/: accessed July 24, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.