The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 20
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and in which it appears that they have never yet felt the necessity
In private conversation Laussat likewise communicated his in-
structions to the American commissioners Wilkinson and Claiborne.
He may have experienced a certain malicious pleasure in doing this
and thus causing a bitter controversy between the Americans and
the Spaniards, for he felt that the latter had treated him with
undeserved neglect and even with hostility. The Spaniards be-
lieved that the purpose of the French government concerning the
western boundary, in contrast with the eastern, arose from a de-
sire to embroil the two nations in a conflict from which they
themselves would later obtain signal advantages.33
Nimecio. de Salcedo, the general commandant of the Interior
Provinces, did not regard the appointment of this boundary com-
mission with favor and showed himself ready to handicap its
work, especially after Casa Calvo, by the retirement of his brother,
became sole commissioner. He had himself expressed an opinion
of the western limit of Louisiana in a communication to the home
government, bearing the date of October 4, 1803. In this he
stated that the line should begin on the Gulf between the "Caricut
and Mermentou" and extend northwards to the Red River in the
vicinity of Natchitoches. The northern limit of Louisiana was
unknown, but he claimed that the jurisdiction of Texas and New
Mexico extended to the Missouri River.
Upon royal order a special junta assembled at Madrid to con-
sider the matter. In spite of the fact that its members lacked all
definite geographical knowledge of the subject, they resolved to
assert a definite claim to the waters of the Calcasieu ("Caricut")
and the post of Adaes, as points always within their possession.
Moreover the Spanish commissioners should claim the western
banks of the Red and of the Mississippi below its mouth, with the
exception of the post of Natchitoches, unless the opposing com-
missioners could show that other French settlements tributary to
Ialbid., 172. The translation is my own from the copy in the Mississippi
Archives. This statement follows closely that quoted by Henry Adams,
Hist. of U. S., II, 6, and by Robertson, loc. cit., 141, n. 62. The Bravo
to 290 is mentioned as a possible limit between Louisiana and New Mexico
in the project for a treaty with Spain, dated November 18, 1802. Cf.
Affaires Etrangdres, Supplement, Vol. VII, p. 245. Ministdre des Affaires
3"See page 10.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/24/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.