The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 21
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The Louisiana-Texas Frontier
New Orleans had once existed within that area. Even if this were
true the junta did not grant that such settlements could now be
claimed as part of Louisiana any more than East Florida formed
part of Cuba because subject to that island. At all events, the
Americans must not be permitted to navigate the Red and other
tributaries of the Mississippi above the point where the final
boundary should touch those rivers.4 In transmitting their report
Cevallos expressed a preference for a simple boundary rather than
an intervening neutral strip."
Despite the statement that the French Prefect gave the Amer-
icans the Spanish representatives protested against the inter-
pretation that the Rio Grande was the western boundary of Louisi-
ana. In a later communication to Cevallos, Casa Calvo stated
that until he received orders to the contrary he should begin the
demarcation at no other place than the mouth of the Sabine, and
-that he should follow this to the "Bayou des Lauriers," two leagues
from Natchitoches, which report indicated as the spot where the
boundary between Texas and Louisiana was marked. Meanwhile
he should attempt to gain all additional information regarding the
Sabine and the Bravo and the intervening coast from the obser-
vations of Captain Don Ciriaco Ceballos, -who was in charge of
the revenue vessels on the coast, and he hoped his course would
merit official approbation.3" In this he was not disappointed.
The French traveler, C. C. Robin, who chanced to be in Louisi-
ana at the time of the transfer, rendered much more assistance
to Casa Calvo than did Laussat. He seems to have formed a very
unfavorable opinion of the American officials and settlers, and this
led him to suggest to Casa Calvo what methods Spain should em-
ploy to retain the territory lying between Louisiana and Mexico.
Casa Calvo employed Robin to visit M. de Blanc, a descendant of
the famous St. Denis, then living in Natchitoches. From him the
French traveler obtained some valuable information concerning the
early French claims west of the Mississippi from which he prepared
a memoir for Casa Calvo. He represented Louisiana as compris-
"MSS. Archivo General, Mewico, Provincias Internas, Vol. 200. Dicta-
:men of Junta, Madrid, March 17, 1804.
8Francisco Gil to Cevallos, April 6, 1804. Ibid.
a6Robertson, Nos. 4956, 4965, 4968. Miss Archives.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/25/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.