The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 378
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
boiled and toasted."44 The Indians, too, Fray Mariano com-
plained, were displeased, since they concluded that with the fam-
ilies there, the Spaniards would better defend the place against
the Apaches, which was one of the cardinal points to be considered.
Documents of a later date show that, according to the usual cus-
tom in founding new missions, Christianized Indians from San
Antonio were taken to. San Xavier to serve as teachers and inter-
preters. Among them were Sayopines, Cocos, Pajalaches, and
The foregoing study has set forth the story of the inception of
the missions in the San Gabriel valley, of the struggle for legal
authority to establish and for means to support them, and of their
actual beginnings, down to the middle of the year 1749. A sub-
sequent paper will trace in like detail the struggle of the mission-
aries to secure Spanish settlers and a regular presidio for San
Xavier; their difficulties with the soldiers and with governors
Barrio and Barrios y Jiuregui; the survey of the site by Eca y
Miisquiz; the opening of the "acequia" and the building of the
dam; the troubles due to Indian desertion and the terrible scourge
of smallpox; the violent contest of the missionaries with Rabago,
the commander of the new presidio, and his excommunication by
Father Pinilla; the murder of Father Ganz4bal and the abandon-
ment of the San Xavier site; the removal of the garrison to the
San Marcos River, the founding of a mission on the site of New
Braunfels for some of the surviving neophytes, and the absorption
of the San Xavier forces by the new mission enterprise on the
San Sab4 River.4"
4"A part of this story is briefly told in the following paper by Mr. Dunn.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/384/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.