The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 380
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The Southwestern Hsstorical Quarterly
of settlement was in eastern Texas, the region inhabited by the
Tejas Indians, whom the Franciscan missionaries in Coahuila had
so long hoped to reach, and the approximate scene of the luckless
attempt at colonization by the French.1 With the conversion of
the Tejas uppermost in their minds, the Spaniards paid very little
attention to the advisability of cultivating friendly relations with
the tribes to the west. Indeed, they were so shortsighted as to
aid the Tejas and their allies, the Comanches, Tonkawas, and
other northern tribes, against their hereditary foes, the Apaches.
It was an affront that the Apaches did not soon forget, and they
lost no opportunity of revenging themselves upon the new enemy.
Until San Antonio was founded in 1718, no. convenient point for
attack had been afforded them, but no sooner had that frontier
post been established than they began the long series of outrages
which was to make them a terror to the pioneer settlers and a
troublesome thorn in the side of the viceregal government of New
During this early period the policy of the Spanish government
toward the Apaches was the simple one of retaliation and punish-
ment. When it was seen that this policy only increased the
fury of the Indians, conciliatory measures came to be employed
through the efforts of the priests, and only when peaceful methods
failed was the strong arm of military force resorted to. This new
policy was inaugurated at a time when the pressure of the Co-
manches and their allies upon the Apaches was beginning to be
most severe, and there is little doubt that it was fear of their
savage enemies rather than appreciation of unaccustomed kind-
ness that induced the Apaches to turn to, the Spaniards and accept
the friendship which they had so steadfastly spurned. From the
conclusion of a formal treaty of peace between a number of Apache
tribes and the presidial authorities at San Antonio in 1749, there
can be traced the beginning of the second period, during which the
wily savages endeavored to gain the protection of the Spaniards
Drp. Bolton has exploded the old belief that the Spanish occupation of
Texas in 1689 was due solely to fear of the French, and shows that it
was a natural result of the expansion of the Coahuila mission frontier.
See Bolton, "The Spanish Occupation of Texas, 1519-1690," in THE QUAR-
TERLY, XVI, 24-26.
'A detailed account of these outrages will be found in THE QUARTERLY,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/386/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.