The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 35
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The Louisiana-Texas Frontier
view of the uncertainty about limits, to continue the former custom
of issuing passports, at least for the present. Ugarte later in-
formed Turner that he ought to limit the passports to actual resi-
dents of his jurisdiction or to such as had absolutely to visit Nacog-
doches to collect debts due them from its citizens. Otherwise he
had no authority to recognize Louisiana passports.23
The unfriendly attitude of the Spaniards soon began to manifest
itself more distinctly when Ugarte tried to force some settlers in
the disputed territory to move away from the frontier into the
region west of Nacogdoches. As an instance in point, Turner cited
the case of M. Roquier, resident of Natchitoches. The Spanish
commandant threatened to confiscate a house and lot that he pos-
sessed in Nacogdoches unless he removed thither. Nor could he
collect the debts due him unless he fulfilled the same condition.
The second threat, it was later explained, was due to the fail-
ure of the corn crop for that year. It was subsequently discovered
that Roquier was not favorable to the American rule, so he may
have originated this rumor to cover up his disaffection. By the
end of July, however, all Americans not professing the Catholic
faith were ordered out of Texas, and even those permitted to re-
main must reside west of Nacogdoches. It was reported that this
would cause some to remove who had resided twenty-five years in
the province, but it hardly seems possible that any American had
been there for so long a time.24
Captain Turner also had occasion to report that at one time
some Spanish dragoons visited Natchitoches for two days ostensibly
to obtain medical treatment from Dr. John Sibley, and that later
a Spanish lieutenant came there to purchase supplies; but in both
cases they departed without accomplishing their purpose. It was
believed that their true intention was to reconnoitre the American
fort, with a view to find if any neighboring height commanded it,
and to report upon the feasibility of occupying this position. The
Spaniards, so it was reported, would first occupy Adaes and then
push on towards Natchitoches. From Bayou Pierre came the
rumor that a Spanish reinforcement of two hundred at Nacogdoches
was designed to accomplish this movement, and Turner was after-
ward personally informed that detachments to the number of five
28Turner to Claiborne, May 13, 1804. Parker, No. 6986.
2"Ibid. Parker, Nos. 7016, 7022.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/39/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.