The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 414
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Another reason for the attack was believed to be the instigation
of the French. There was no doubt that the French were supply-
ing the northern tribes with firearms through the trade that they
carried on with them. But in Texas it was firmly believed that in
addition to this indirect aid the French had encouraged the Indians
by their presence at the massacre. This suspicion was increased
by the reports that were brought back from Louisiana. Many of
the horses and mules stolen from San Sab4 were said to, be in the
French fort at Natchitoches, and many of the mission ornaments
were said to have found their way into the hands of the French.
No less a personage than Governor Barrios accused the French of
complicity in the attack. The French indignantly denied the
accusations, and there is little reason for believing that they were
in any way directly responsible for the outrage. A third cause for
the attack was the natural desire of the Indians to plunder the
rich stores of the mission. The presence of eatables alone was a
strong incentive. The primary cause, however, was undoubtedly
jealousy of the Apaches.32
Although the subsequent history of the Apache mission project
must be reserved for a future paper, it may be added here that two
years later a great campaign was made against the northern tribes,
in which the Spaniards were so badly defeated that it was declared
that never had such a disgraceful 'tout been experienced since
the landing of Cort6s in New Spain. The. attempt to con-
vert the Apaches was continued, however, two other missions
being established for them a few years later-but not on
the San Sab River. For some ten years more the Apaches suc-
cessfully hoodwinked the Spaniards, and the presidio remained
at the San Saba. Finally, however, the evident insincerity of the
Indians could no longer be doubted, and a complete change in
policy was made. An alliance was entered into with the northern
tribes and a bitter war of extermination begun against the Apaches.
82Decree of the viceroy, April 13, 1758, in Cumanches at Espiritu Santo,
1; Piszina to the viceroy, May 1, 1758, Autos fhos a pedimento, 108;
Parrilla to the viceroy, July 4, 1758. 6; Reales Cdulas, Tomo 78, No. 120,
August 12, 1758.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/421/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.