The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914 Page: 79
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British Correspondence Concerning Texas
vention of the Government of Great Britain has been pledged to
us by treaty stipulation, near three years since, and without the
most remote reference to this Subject, and that it has since been
most efficiently exerted in our behalf.
The London Correspondent and the New Orleans Editor have
alluded to the true cause of the difficulty. They evidently care
but little for Texas "her weal or woe" but are willing to sacrifice
her prosperity and welfare to the protection of the Slave property
held in the States on her frontier. This country has been in a
great measure governed and controlled by this influence, and it
was to avoid it that I stated in my letter that the emancipation
must be incidentally laid before a Convention of the people, in
order to ensure success, and not because of the opposition I feared
it would meet with at home.
There is no reason for the alarm these writers have expressed
because if Texas should entertain the project, She will afford the
Slave holders of the Union a better protection for their Slave prop-
erty, by treaty, than they now have from their Sister States.
Sir, I am no abolitionist, nor am I, nor have I ever been, nor
can I be in correspondence with any, for the purpose of promoting
their views, but I do believe that free labor is ten fold more pro-
ductive of prosperity in this, or any enlightened country, than
Slave labour, and it is for this reason I desire to. see the introduc-
tion to this Country of free White industrious families of the
laboring Classes, well satisfied that they will eventually supersede
the Slave; and gradually but surely remove the incubus that rests
upon us. This change must be a voluntary and a gradual one,
and I have uniformly advocated the doctrine that a Government
composed as ours is can only prohibit the further introduction of
Slaves, and having provided the means for the purchase of those
already introduced, must leave it optional with the proprietor to
sell or retain at pleasure, and I sincerely believe that such a pro-
vision being made, Texas would become a free State, by the unani-
mous will of the Citizens, in ten years thereafter.
In conclusion permit me to assure you that while I sincerely
regret the occasion for this letter, I cannot but feel happy in the
opportunity it affords me of bearing my humble tcstimo ny to the
uniform expression of your desire for the prosperity of my Coun-
try, the firm conviction that your official as well as private inter-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914, periodical, 1914; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/m1/83/: accessed May 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.