The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 94
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Vessels when making the Port. There were formerly beacons on
the North East end of the Island, but these disappeared in 1842,
and have not yet been replaced. The authorities, however, in answer
to an application from this Consulate, have expressed an intention
"to have the necessary beacons, or land-marks erected, so as to
enable vessels bound inwards to make the Anchorage, or pass into
the Harbour, without danger."
The Coast being so low, particularly in the neighbourhood of
the Bars, breakers may generally be observed, and vessels becalmed,
on approaching the Bars, must guard against the indraught Cur-
rent, from neglect of which precaution, some have been lost.
Navigators will do well to keep a sharp look-out for Currents,
which run in the direction of the prevailing winds. The Currents
inshore will vary a little according to the veering of the wind, and
the shallownesss of the water renders this variation comparatively
rapid. A vessel becalmed near the land is liable to drift ashore,
unless she be brought to an anchor, which can be safely and easily
effected at any point along the Coast.
The "Norther," which is the prevailing wind during the Winter
Months, produces gales, but they are not of long duration. If a Ves-
sel is caught by a "Norther," it will blow her off the shore. During
the greater part of the year, especially in Summer, South Easterly
winds prevail, with variations caused by local influences. After
a continuence of strong Northerly winds, the water in Galveston
Ba'y is "blown out," and, for some succeeding days, the tides seem
very strong.-A vessel at Anchor in the Stream should be carefully
and well secured.
According to returns from the Galveston Custom-House, Sixteen
British Vessels, sailed to that Port in the years 1841 and 1842.
Of these, four were lost on the Coast, while it does not appear that
any American Vessels, of which a much greater number visited the
Port, experienced a similar fate during those years. Other causes
than the intricacy of the Navigation, or the infidelity of the Charts,
have certainly been assigned for the loss of the four Ships, but the
latter is not the less an evil that calls for remedy as well as notice.
John Bidwell, Esq.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/100/: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.