The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 161
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Early Sentiment for Annexation of California
U. S., and that Col. Fr6mont had the. authority to make the revo-
lution. The publication of the letter will prove the falsehood of
such an inference."112
In summing up P'olk's policy with regard to California, we may
therefore say that it involved no scheme of rebellion on the part
of the American settlers against the provincial authorities. It did,
however, include a most earnest attempt at purchase; and, in ad-
dition, a systematic effort to win over the Californians to a desire
for the protection of the United States, and tacit encouragement
to separate from Mexico. Whether or not Polk actually brought
on the Mexican War as a more certain method of securing the
coveted territory (or as Winthrop expressed it, "had there been no
California there would have been no Mexican War") we are not
now prepared to say. Two remaining topics, however, must re-
ceive some attention before we bring this discussion to a close.
The one concerns the effect of the rumored attempts of European
nations to secure a foothold in California, and the other the part
played by the slave holding south in its acquisition.
u2Polk, Diary, III, entry for March 21.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/167/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.