The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 196
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196 The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
colonists from the United States came to its shores at the invita-
tion of the empresario, Stephen F. Austin, they found a few
settlements already established on the shores of Galveston Bay and
the streams emptying into it. The names of some of these settlers
have been handed down by unofficial writers in newspapers, a lew
from the recollections of their contemporaries.
The year 1822 seems to have been the earliest period claimed
for any settlements, and it is more than probable that the rumor
of Austin's colonization scheme caused them to be made. A few
settlers may have come overland from Louisiana, but those of
whom record is here made, arrived on shipboard, and were in some
instances tossed ashore when their frail boats were wrecked by
storms on the reefs and bars of the bay. Numbered among these
were Moses L. Choate and Colonel Pettus, on board the Re-
venge, which was wrecked on Red Fish Bar, in April, 1822.
Their schooner, commanded by Captain Shires, ran aground, and
the passengers left the vessel and went up the San Jacinto River,
where they made homes, probably the first settlements on this river,
or in Harris County. Only the names of the two mentioned here
have been preserved. There was also a Mr. Ryder, who in 1822
lived alone at the extreme end of Morgan's Point. He was a sur-
veyor. Beyond this nothing has been handed down regarding him.
John Iiams is the next of whom we have record. Embarking
at Berwick's Bay, Louisiana, with his family, consisting of a wife
and two boys, he landed at Galveston Island on June 3. 1822. He
settled on the mainland of Galveston Bay, at what was known as
Cedar Point, where a league of land was afterwards granted him
by S. F. Austin.
In about two weeks after Iiams and his family arrived, Dr. John-
son Hunter came, with his family. Their advent was attended by
dangers and hardships such as were experienced by few. Their
vessel was wrecked on Galveston Island; there were five children,
one, William, an infant in arms. After repairing the boat, they
succeeded in reaching the mainland, afterwards called Morgan's
Point, where they first made their home, and where Johnson
Hunter located one of the original land grants from the Mexican
Nathaniel Lynch came and settled at the point where Buffalo
Bayou flows into the San Jacinto River. This was also in the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/202/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.