The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 17
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Early Sentiment for Annexation of California
contained in Forsyth's despatch of August 6. But Jackson before
his administration closed made two further tentative efforts to
secure California. About the middle of January, 1837,50 Santa
Anna arrived in Washington, after his liberation by General
Houston, to request the mediation of the United States between
Texas and Mexico.51 In expectation of his request, or after it was
definitely made, Jackson had drawn up the general terms upon
which this government would assume the undertaking. That
which concerns us, reads as follows:
If Mexico will extend the line of the U. States to the Rio Grand-
up that stream to latitude 38 north and then to the pacific includ-
ing north calafornia we might instruct our minister to give them
three millions and a half of dollars and deal then as it respected
Texas as a magnanimous nation ought-to wit (?)-in the treaty
with Mexico secure the Texians in all their just and legal rights
and stipulate to admit them into the United States as one of
At the time that Jackson was making this proposal to Santa
Anna he was also urging upon W. H. Wharton, the Texan Minister
at Washington, the necessity of including California within the
limits of Texas in order to reconcile the commercial interests of
the north and east to annexation by giving them a harbor on the
Pacific. "He is very earnest and anxious on this point of claim-
ing the Californias," wrote Wharton to Rusk in reporting Jack-
son's suggestion, "and says we must not consent to less. This
is in strict confidence. Glory to God in the highest !"53
"OWharton to Austin, Jan. 17, 1837. Garrison, Diplomatic Correspond-
ence of the Republic of Texas, I, 176-177, in American Historical Ado-
ciation Report, 1907, II.
"Thomas Maitland Marshall, "The southern boundary of Texas 1821-
1840," in THE QUARTERLY, XIV, 285.
5~Rough draft in Jackson's hand on single sheet, unsigned and undated.
Jackson MSS. of the year 1836.
"aWharton to Rusk, Jan. 24, 1837. Garrison, Dip. Cor. Texas, I, 193-
194; also Marshall, as cited. The extension of the Texas boundaries to
the Pacific along the 30th parallel had been considered by the Texan gov-
ernment and rejected, chiefly because the territory was too large and
thinly populated for government by a "young Republic." This decision
had been reported to Jackson befo-e he urged upon Wharton the neces-
sity of including California as a means of reconciling the north. Report
of Jackson's special agent, Henry Morfit, to the President. H. Ex. Docs.,
24 Cong., 2 sess., No. 35, pages 11-12.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/23/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.