The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 35
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Early Sentiment for Annexation of California 35
There is no prospect whatever of such a cession but in the event of
a war between Mexico and England. Then nothing would be
Order against Americans.--In connection with this subject
of the ill will of Mexico toward England the American min-
ister had earlier reported a less hostile feeling prevailing
toward his countrymen in Mexico and that the government
was coming to look upon them with a far more friendly eye.74
If this were true at all, however, the change was of a purely
temporary nature. As far back as July 14, an order had been
issued to the governor of California,75 Manuel MicheltoTena, to
expel all citizens of the United States from his province and
prohibit future immigration.'6 This, however, did not come under
Thompson's notice until late in December, when he at once vig-
orously protested and demanded its recission. His communications
on the subject remaining unanswered, he threatened next to break
off diplomatic relations, and even called for his passports.
Upon this the Mexican Secretary of Foreign Relations assured
him that the order was meant to apply to other foreigners as
well as to Americans and had been aimed only at "seditious" inhab-
itants of the province, to whose governor "very benevolent ex-
planations" had been sent. This, though not satisfactory, was
sufficient to prevent Thompson from leaving Mexico. especially
as he had no great desire to carry his threat into execution;
while upon his further remonstrance, the order was entirely
countermanded.77 In obtaining the withdrawal of a somewhat
7"Thompson to Upshur, Oct. 14, 1843. The omission indicated in quo-
tation represents requests for instructions concerning California. Same
to same, Oct. 29. Fear of war with England alone will enable him to
conclude a new convention for the settlement of the American claims; see
also same to same, Nov. 20, and Jan. 16. MSS., State Department.
74Thompson to Upshur, Oct. 20, 1843. MS., State Department.
"SAlso to the Governors of Sonora, Sinaloa, and Chihuahua.
"'Bancroft (XXI, 380-1) says there is no evidence that the order ever
reached California. Thompson, on the contrary, wrote, in the despatch
cited, that Micheltorena assured the Mexican government he had already
taken measures to carry out the command. At least, however, it 'may
be said that the law caused no excitement in California or uneasiness
among the American residents.
"For details regarding this command, see Thompson to Upshur, Jan. 4,
1844 (MS., State Department); Thompson, Recollections, 227; Niles'
Register, LXV, 353.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/41/: accessed April 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.