The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 41
Beginnings of Secession Movement in Texas
BEGINNINGS OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT IN'
ANNA IR ENE SANDBO
7. Slavery in the United States
What is commonly known as the secession movement covers
comparatively few years. But essentially it was one of a series
of controversies between the states which arose early, and are still
arising. It grew more immediately out of the controversy which
arose over the institution of negro slavery. But the real cause of
the movement was the difference in economic conditions prevailing
in the several sections of the country, and the inability of the cen-
tral government to adapt itself to these conditions. In the North
slavery was never profitable, but in the warm and fertile South
where the large open areas of land were favorable to agriculture,
and where the climate made it difficult for people of North Euro-
pean birth or extraction to perform severe manual labor, slavery
established itself firmly. As the Louisiana territory and Florida
were added to the Union, it spread over those territories. The
plantation system with its enormous acreage cultivated by slave
labor became the established order.
In the early years of our history the North and the South
had united in placing restrictions upon slavery. Together they
had abolished the slave trade, and prohibited slavery forever in
the Northwest Territory. But the economic development of the
country progressed along different lines in the two sections. In
the Northern states, where it was unprofitable, slavery was soon
abolished, while in the South the institution and the problems to
which it gave birth became more serious. In the opinion of the
South slavery was essential to its economic progress and to the
*This a portion of a thesis presented to the Faculty of the College of
Arts of the University of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements
*for the Master of Arts degree (June, 1913). The remainder of the paper
will appear in the October QUARTERLY, entitled "The First Session of the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/47/ocr/: accessed February 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.