The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 43
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Beginnings of Secession Movement in Texas
African slave trade, except with the United States, was prohibited
and declared piracy.'
When, in 1837, Texas proposed to enter the Union, the slave
question again loomed up in the United States. The facts, that
the acquisition of Texas would add to the United States a vast
slave territory, and that new life would thus be given to the
institution, gave rise to spirited and acrimonious discussions in
Congress. A great struggle between the representatives of the
Southern states and the Northern abolitionists over the right of
petition growing out of the slavery question had just been ended.
Northern members looked with contempt upon the application for
annexation. It was not until nine years later that enough of the
people of the United States "realized," as Dr. Garrison says,
"the supreme importance of acquiring Texas to turn the scale
in favor of accepting her, slavery and all."2
II. ATTITUDE OF TEXAS TOWARD THE SLAVERY CONTROVERSY
1. Interest Occupied by Local Affairs
That the Texans took but comparatively little interest in the
slavery controversy before 1854 was due to various circumstances.
Texas had little time to devote to the affairs of the nation. Her
time and attention were given to adjusting her own affairs. The
Indians were troublesome and her frontiers had to be protected.
The Mexicans gave trouble to the new government by inciting the
negroes to conspiracy and insurrection.3 Other questions of vital
importance to her at that time were those involving her boundary
dispute, her debt, the problems connected with her unoccupied
lands, internal improvements, and the development of her resources.
Furthermore, Texas was a new state and was sincere in her loy-
alty to the Union; and the plantation system had not yet developed
to such an extent that the great plantation owners could control
the policy of the state and mould public opinion in support of
1Garrison, Texas, 215.
8Bancroft, North Mexican States and Texas, II, 417.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/49/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.