The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 57
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Beginnings of Secession Movement in Texas
adopted pledging the delegates to support the nominees of the
convention.3" Hardin R. Runnels and Frank R. Lubbock were
nominated for governor and lieutenant-governor, respectively.
Lubbock canvassed the entire state before the election. Houston
and Jesse Grimes, as independent Democrats, announced them-
selves as applicants for the governorship and lieutenant-governor-
ship, respectively. The canvass of 1857 was styled "Houston
versus Democracy." Many bitter and acrimonious speeches were
delivered during the summer. The attack on Houston by the
opposition press was severe. His whole record as United States
Senator was reviewed, and condemned. He was accused of vin-
dicating before the Senate a petition of three thousand New
England abolition clergymen, and of voting against all bills in the
interest of slavery; of blaming the frontier settlers for the Indian
outrages; of preaching submission to Fremont; of advocating
secret political conventions; and of using the Baptist Church
for the purpose of advancing his political prospects.84 Houston
was supported by the Union Democrats and the remnants of
the Whig and Know-Nothing parties. The struggle culminated
in the election of Runnels and Lubbock by nearly ten thousand
majority. The people had not yet forgiven Houston for his
support of the Kansas-Nebraska bill.
One of the duties of the seventh legislature, that met November
2, 1857, was to elect two United States Senators, one to fill the
unexpired term of Senator Rusk who had recently died, and an-
other to fill Senator Houston's place whose term would expire
in 1858. Houston stood for re-election, but the pro-slavery Dem-
ocratic strength was too great. John Hemphill received the cau-
cus nomination and was elected.
8s"Resolved, That this convention will support no person as a nominee
for any office or place of trust unless fully satisfied by his acts and dec-
larations, or the assurance of his friends 'to the convention, that he is
fully united with the Democratic party upon all the issues now existing
between them and their opponents, and that such nominee shall abide the
decision of this convention and support all the nominees with zeal and
fervency."-lubbock, Six Decades in Texas, 209.
8"State Gazette, July 1, 1857.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/63/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.