The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 60
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and that the law of supply and demand should control every de-
partment of commerce. "Indeed we would urge, if practicable, the
importation of negroes from Africa, and it would not only improve
their physical condition but add to their happiness, while at the
same time subserving the purposes of civilization in our own coun-
try."38 From that time the question was never lost sight of. The
State Gazette, perhaps one of the most influential papers in the
state, did all in its power to mould public opinion in its favor.
By 1858 slavery, according to this paper, had become both just
and expedient, in accordance with divine law, and a moral, social,
and political blessing. It argued that there were not enough
slaves in the South, and that every planter in Texas felt the
want of slave labor; that this want of labor cramped the energies
and diminished the resources of the planters and retarded the
general prosperity of the state.3" The Highland Eagle, a Bell
County newspaper, urged the Gazette to spread far and wide the
truths as to slavery, its divine origin and beneficent effects. It
further urged all papers to do the same, and then, according
to this zealous advocate of slavery, "we shall in good time be the
most united and the strongest people on earth."40
With advocacy of the reopening of the African slave trade went
hostility to the opponents of such trade. Interspersed with articles
on the slave trade and cheap slaves, in the Gazette, were such
editorials as "The True Status of Northern Opposition," "Democ-
racy and Black Republicanism," "What the South Should Do,"
"The Wiles of the Enemy," "Black Republican Exultation over
Defeat of the Kansas Bill," "Our Duty to Defend the Rights of
the South to the Last Extremity," "Wither are we Drifting?,"
and "Beauties of Negro Equality."41 Such titles occur frequently,
particularly in the Gazette. Under such guidance a considerable
portion of the population had come by 1859 to be in favor of re-
opening the slave trade. Evidence of this is seen in resolutions
adopted by county conventions during the year. There can be no
doubt, either, but that the question was an issue in the guberna-
"State Gazette, March 1, 1856.
"8State Gazette, December 18, 1858.
'State Gazette, July 17, 1858.
"There are four long articles on the slave trade in the State Gazette,
February 12, 1859.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/66/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.