The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 63
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Beginnings of Secession Movement in Texas
so far from that act of 'piracy' receiving condemnation by us, we
accord it our unqualified countenance and approval.""46
6. The Gubernatorial Campaign of 1859
The issue in the gubernatorial election of 1859, so far at least as
the leaders were concerned, was "union" or "disunion." The plat-
form adopted by the Regular Democrats at Houston endorsed
all the old planks in both the national and state platforms,
and then declared the Dred Scott decision to be a true exposition of
the constitution, and that the Democrats were in favor of the
acquisition of Cuba as imperatively necessary to their self pro-
tection. A resolution favoring the reopening of the slave trade
was, after much heated discussion, tabled by a vote of two hundred
twenty-eight to eighty-one, and a resolution condemning the same
measure was tabled unanimously."7 Runnels and Lubbock, ex-
ponents of the pro-slavery and anti-union doctrine, were nominated
for their respective positions.
It seems that the Unionist forces had no definite organization.
But at a public meeting at Brenham, Houston and Edward Clark
were nominated by acclamation. Houston accepted the nomination
in a letter in which he declared himself a National Democrat and
announced that the constitution and the Union embraced the
principles by which he would be governed if elected. He declared
that they comprehended all the old Jackson National Democracy
he had ever professed.48 In it he promised protection to the
frontier, protested against the reopening of the African slave trade,
extolled the federal union, denounced his opponents and appealed
"State Gazette, April 9, 1859.
The Wanderer was a yacht that landed over three hundred negroes at
Brunswick, Georgia, in the summer of 1858. They were sent up the river
and distributed throughout the state. The captain and owner of the
yacht was indicted, but no jury could be found that would convict him.-
Rhodes, History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850, II,
4Lubbock, Six Decades in Texas, 244. Speeches on the reopening of
the slave trade were made by Messrs. Chilton, Wiley, Thomason, McLeod,
Cone, Kittrell, Walker, Shepherd, Herbert and Scott. State Gazette, May
14, 1859. Neither Lubbock nor the Gazette quotes the resolutions offered
by Messrs. Chilton for and Palmer against the reopening of the slave
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/69/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.