The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 64
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
with great effect to his old comrades of 1836. The campaign that
followed was very bitter. Against Houston were arrayed the whole
party machinery, most of the prominent public men and nearly
all of the influential newspapers. Houston was again subjected
to all the abuse that had been heaped upon him in the former
canvass. Because of his votes in the Senate on the slavery meas-
ures, and because of his attitude toward the New England min-
isters, he was accused of betraying the state and the South to
further his ambition to attain the presidency. Houston conceived
the entire system of conventions to be inconsistent with Democratic
principles and subversive of the rights of the people. This attitude
toward the framework of the state rights party which was believed
to be the only bulwark between the people and northern aggression
as well as his affiliation with the Know-Nothing party was made
the occasion for abusive articles by the opposition press.40 Old
charges of insincerity, immorality, and cowardice from the days
of the Texas revolution were reopened, emphasized, and spread
broadcast throughout ths state. Houston and his adherents, in
their turn, accused the Democratic leaders of disunion and treason
.and of advocating the reopening of the slave trade. Governor
Runnels's forntier policy was attacked with great vigor, for both
the Indians and Mexicans were very troublesome, and Runnels
had not been able to keep them in check. That the reason for
such a state of affairs, was probably more the fault of the United
States government than of the governor, the people did not see.
Houston had been fairly successful in his dealings with the Indians
when he was at the helm of state affairs, and this fact no doubt,
as well as his great personal popularity with the common people,
played an important part in his overwhelming victory, at the polls
Houston announced his candidacy in nearly all the anti-Dem-
ocratic papers as follows:
"Announce Sam Houston as a National Democrat, a consistent
supporter of James Buchanan in his struggle with Black Republi-
cans, and the little less dangerous Fanatics and Higher Law men
at the South, as candidate for Governor." During the whole bitter
controversy and everywhere he went, Houston made eloquent ap-
peals for the preservation of the Union.
"State Gazette, July 1, 1857.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/70/: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.